Social Security in Spain
Posted by Dreamer
Tagged: working in spain, health care, unemployment, retirement, doctors, spanish social security number, social security benefits spain, unemployment benefits spain, social security in spain, social security spain
Information about Social Security in Spain. How to get a Social Security number in Spain and where to get it. How much Social Security costs. Healthcare, unemployment, and retirement benefits.
If you plan to work in Spain, you should apply for your Social Security number once you are already living in Spain, but ideally before you start working. Whether you work for yourself (por cuenta propia) or you work for someone else (por cuenta ajena), you will need a Social Security number so that you and/or your employer can make Social Security contributions on your behalf, and then so you can benefit from Social Security.
What is it for?
When you contribute to the Spanish Social Security system you are paying for Spain's public healthcare as well as for old age pensions, unemployment insurance, maternity benefit, and other benefits.
Even if you are not a European Union citizen and plan to later return to your home country, in many cases having paid into Spain’s Social Security system can be counted as though you paid into your Social Security system at home. Spain has bilateral Social Security agreements with Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada (except Quebec), Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Mexico, Morocco, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Russia, Tunisia, Ukraine, United States, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Check with your country’s embassy for details.
How do I get a number? Where do I go?
You can obtain a Spanish Social Security number by applying for one in person at the closest Social Security office to where you live in Spain. Find the contact information for Social Security offices in Spain here.
You will need to fill out and sign a form called Modelo TA.1 (download one here) and present your passport or Spanish residency card. The Social Security office should issue your number to you on the spot.
How much will Social Security cost?
If you work for someone else, your Social Security contributions will automatically be deducted from your salary. Generally you will pay 4.7% of your salary towards Social Security while your employer will pay 23.6%.
If you work for yourself, you will pay approximately 29.8% of your earnings to Social Security, for a minimum monthly payment of around €250. You will make your contributions directly to the bank using payment slips provided by the Social Security office.